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Celtis australis

Celtis australis

European hackberry, Nettle tree, Lotus berry, Southern hackberry

Description

Celtis australis (European hackberry, nettle tree) naturally occurs in South Europe and in North and West Africa. The tree was introduced in England in 1796 and from there, it was distributed via botanical gardens. It is a very strong – often multi-stem – grower, reaching heights up to 30 metres in its original distribution area, with a wide rounded to umbel-shaped crown. In cultivation, its height is usually limited to 20 metres.

The European hackberry blooms in April with single, stellate white-green flowers. These are discrete, but are quickly found by bees because of their high nectar and pollen value. The egg-shaped, lanceolate, rough leaves are dark green with a grey-green underside. In autumn, the leaves are yellow and the tree bears dark red, edible little stone fruits.
 

The nettle tree can be used in many locations, such as streets, parks and central reservations, in cemeteries, squares and industrial locations, and in ecological zones. The tree can easily tolerate pavement and is very good at tolerating heat and drought. At a young age, the nettle tree is not entirely winter hardy, which can lead to slight damage to the twigs. However, the tree will quickly recover from this. Celtis australis has few soil requirements. Plant the tree in a sunny environment for the best growth.

Types of planting

Tree types

standard trees multi-stemmed trees

Topiary on stem

fval vase fval multi-stem umbrella

Use

Location

street avenue square park central reservation large garden cemetery traffic areas, industrial zones ecological zone

Pavement

none none open open sealed sealed

Planting concepts

eco planting prairie planting

Characteristics

Crown shape

rounded rounded

Crown structure

semi-open semi-open

Height

15 - 20 m

Width

10 - 15 m

Winter hardiness zone

6B - 9A

Aspects

Wind

tolerant to wind

Soil

loess sabulous clay light clay sand loamy soil

Nutrient level

low in nutrients moderately rich in nutrients rich in nutrients

Soil moisture level

dry moist

Light requirements

sun partial shade

pH range

acidic neutral alkaline
5.1 - 7.8

Host plant/forage plant

bees butterflies birds small mammals

Extreme environments

tolerant to dryness tolerates air pollution tolerates heat

Get to know Ebben Nurseries

Visit our nurseries with multi-stem trees, climbing trees, trees for avenues and parks characteristic trees and solitary shrubs.

Make an appointment

Place order or further information?

Order this plant? Or would you like further information about Celtis australis? Make an appointment for a detailed planting recommendation.
Call +31(0) 485 31 20 21 or email one of our advisors directly.
Our planting advisors

Photos

Magnify

Seasonal colours

Celtis australis seizoenskleur
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Flowers

Flowers

star-shaped discrete singular

Flower colour

white-green

Flowering period

April - May

Leaves

Leaf colour

dark green underside grey-green

Leaves

deciduous ovate lanceolate rough underside hairy serrate

Autumn colour

yellow

Fruits

Fruit colour

dark red blue-black

Fruits

edible small drupe

Bark

Bark colour

grey

Bark

smooth, later on rough

Twigs

Twig colour

grey-brown grey-green

Twigs

hairy bare zigzagging pendulous

Root system

Root system

deep extensive highly branched coarse roots

For and by green professionals

The TreeEbb is a platform for and by green professionals, in which we collect knowledge and experience from the sector and make this available for users. All the details and photos are free to use for non-commercial purposes. Want to share your tree knowledge? Send photographs and additional information to treeebb@ebben.nl

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Geographic location
Winter hardiness zone
OK
Coastal area
OK
Use
Location
OK
Pavement
OK
Host plant/forage plant
OK
Planting concepts
OK
Types of planting
Tree types
OK
Multi-stemmed trees
OK
Crown structure
OK
Crown shape
OK
Topiary on stem
OK
Topiary
OK
Height
m
-
m
OK
Width
m
-
m
OK
Aspects
Wind
OK
Soil
OK
Nutrient level
OK
Soil moisture level
OK
Light requirements
OK
PH range
OK
Extreme environments
OK
Plant characteristics
Flowering period
January
-
December
OK
Flower colour
OK
Leaf colour
OK
Autumn colour
OK
Fruit colour
OK
Bark colour
OK
Special features
OK
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